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Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around two million transactions every day. At the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at $545.00 to Bitcoins $6,328.11.
When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. But bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining
Because its similar to gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold exists underground), but they havent been brought out into the mild yet (like the golden hasnt yet been awakened ). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.
They get to perform so as a reward for creating cubes of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.
Backtracking a bit, lets discuss nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin applications and assists keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you simply download the bitcoin software (totally free ) and leave a certain port open (the drawback is that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing carries up about 145GB).
One node will send information to some nodes that it knows, that will relay the information to nodes they know, etc.. This way it ends up getting around the whole network fairly fast. .
Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These group outstanding transactions into cubes and add them to the blockchain. How can they do so by solving a intricate mathematical puzzle that's part of this bitcoin program, and including the answer in the cube. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the data in the block and passed through a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.
How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function which makes it impossible to predict what the output will be. So, miners suppose the puzzle number and use the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and the information in the cube. The resulting hash has to start with a pre-established number of zeroes.
Whats more, there might be several nonces that make the desired result, or there may be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .
The first miner to acquire a resulting hash within the desired range announces its victory to the rest of the network. All the other miners immediately stop work on that block and begin trying to figure out the mystery number for your next one. As a reward for the own work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .
In the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which in time of writing will be worth nearly $200,000.
Additionally, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to the effective hardware needed (if you've got a faster you could check here processor than your competitors, you've got a better chance of finding the correct number before they do), but also due to the large amounts of electricity that running these chips consumes. .
And, the number of bitcoins given as a reward for solving the puzzle will decrease. Its 12.5 now, but it pits each four years or so (the next one is anticipated in 2020-21). The worth of bitcoin relative to cost of power and hardware could extend up over the next few decades to partially compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .
The difficulty of this calculation (the required number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is adjusted frequently, so it requires on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.
Why 10 minutes That is the amount of time that the bitcoin programmers think is necessary to get a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million is attained (anticipated some time in 2140).